Design and analysis of parity-check-code-based optical recording systems

K. Cai

Onderzoeksoutput: ScriptieDissertatie 2 (Onderzoek NIET TU/e / Promotie TU/e)

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The increasing demand for high-density and high-speed digital optical recording systems has made the development of advanced coding and signal processing techniques for fast and reliable data recovery increasingly important. In recent years, the parity-check (PC)-code-based reception technique has been widely studied for magnetic recording systems, and it is projected to be highly promising for high-density optical recording. The PC code is an inner error correction code (ECC), which can detect dominant short error events of the system, using only a few parity bits. This reduces the loss in error correction capability of the outer ECC due to random short errors and results in a simple and efficient solution to improve the overall performance. This thesis is dedicated to the design and analysis of PCcode- based recording systems to achieve higher recording capacity with low implementation complexity, for high-density blue laser disc systems. In particular, most of the key components of the PC-code-based optical recording system have been designed and optimized for different recording densities, and different proportions of white noise and media noise. During the development of advanced coding and detection techniques, it becomes necessary to investigate the system’s performance with different coding schemes and recording densities. In Chapter 2 of the thesis, we propose a generalized Braat-Hopkins model for optical recording channels, which provides a fair basis for the performance comparison of detection schemes over different coding schemes and recording densities, for channels with additive, white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and media noise. Various basic issues associated with the PC-code-based systems are investigated in Chapter 3. These include bounds for bit error rates and error event probabilities, the dominant error events at channel detector output, different PC codes, simple and efficient post-processors, the impact of error events that are split across data block boundaries and the corresponding remedy, as well as the effects of code rates and recording densities. Simulation results show that a 4-bit PC code achieves the best performance. The corresponding bit error rates (BERs) are very close to the performance bounds, at both nominal and high densities. Constrained codes, which serve as a key component in the read-write channel of data storage systems, are desired to have a high code rate with low-complexity encoder/decoder. In Chapter 4, we investigate the design of certain capacity-approaching constrained codes for optical recording systems. In particular, we derive analytically the relationship between the number of encoder states and the maximum size of these codes. We identify the minimum number of encoder states that maximizes the code rate, for any desired codeword length. The design of constrained PC codes is key to the development of PCcode- based systems, and the systematic design of efficient constrained PC codes remains a challenging problem. In Chapter 5, we propose a general and systematic code design technique for constructing capacity-approaching constrained PC codes, which can detect any type of error events of the system, with the minimum code rate loss. Compared to the rate 2/3 code without parity, the newly designed constrained 4-bit PC code achieves a performance gain of 2 dB at nominal density, and 1.5 dB at high density, at BER = 10-5. As the dominant noise for high-density optical recording systems, media noise severely degrades the performance of channel detectors and postprocessors that are designed for AWGN. In Chapter 6, we propose two novel modifications to the bit detector to combat media noise. We further develop a data-dependent post-processing scheme for error correction. Compared to the system designed without considering media noise and without PC codes, the overall performance gain of the developed scheme can be more than 11 dB at high media noise levels. In data storage systems, the ECC failure rate (EFR) serves as the ultimate measure of the data recovery performance. In Chapter 7, we develop semi-analytical approaches for estimating the EFR, and analyze EFRs for the developed PC-code-based systems, for the cases without and with interleaving. Our analysis shows that with the optimum interleaving degrees, compared to the rate 9/13 code without parity, the 2-bit PC code achieves a gain of around 0.5 dB, and the 4-bit PC code gains 0.6 dB, at high record ing density and EFR = 10-16. The thesis concludes in Chapter 8 with some suggestions for further work.
Originele taal-2Engels
KwalificatieDoctor in de Filosofie
Toekennende instantie
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Bergmans, Jan W.M., Promotor
  • Chong, T.C., Promotor, Externe Persoon
  • Mathew, George, Co-Promotor, Externe Persoon
Datum van toekenning12 mrt 2007
Plaats van publicatieEindhoven
Gedrukte ISBN's978-90-386-2003-9
StatusGepubliceerd - 2007

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