TY - JOUR

T1 - Degree-constrained orientation of maximum satisfaction: graph classes and parameterized complexity

AU - Bodlaender, H.L.

AU - Ono, H.

AU - Otachi, Y.

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - The problem MaxW-Light (MaxW-Heavy) for an undirected graph is to assign a direction to each edge so that the number of vertices of outdegree at most W (resp. at least W) is maximized. It is known that these problems are NP-hard even for fixed W. For example, Max 0-Light is equivalent to the problem of finding a maximum independent set. In this paper, we show that for any fixed constant W, MaxW-Heavy can be solved in linear time for hereditary graph classes for which treewidth is bounded by a function of degeneracy. We show that such graph classes include chordal graphs, circular-arc graphs, d-trapezoid graphs, chordal bipartite graphs, and graphs of bounded clique-width. To have a polynomial-time algorithm for MaxW-Light, we need an additional condition of a polynomial upper bound on the number of potential maximal cliques to apply the metatheorem by Fomin et al. (SIAM J Comput 44:54–87, 2015). The aforementioned graph classes, except bounded clique-width graphs, satisfy such a condition. For graphs of bounded clique-width, we present a dynamic programming approach not using the metatheorem to show that it is actually polynomial-time solvable for this graph class too. We also study the parameterized complexity of the problems and show some tractability and intractability results.

AB - The problem MaxW-Light (MaxW-Heavy) for an undirected graph is to assign a direction to each edge so that the number of vertices of outdegree at most W (resp. at least W) is maximized. It is known that these problems are NP-hard even for fixed W. For example, Max 0-Light is equivalent to the problem of finding a maximum independent set. In this paper, we show that for any fixed constant W, MaxW-Heavy can be solved in linear time for hereditary graph classes for which treewidth is bounded by a function of degeneracy. We show that such graph classes include chordal graphs, circular-arc graphs, d-trapezoid graphs, chordal bipartite graphs, and graphs of bounded clique-width. To have a polynomial-time algorithm for MaxW-Light, we need an additional condition of a polynomial upper bound on the number of potential maximal cliques to apply the metatheorem by Fomin et al. (SIAM J Comput 44:54–87, 2015). The aforementioned graph classes, except bounded clique-width graphs, satisfy such a condition. For graphs of bounded clique-width, we present a dynamic programming approach not using the metatheorem to show that it is actually polynomial-time solvable for this graph class too. We also study the parameterized complexity of the problems and show some tractability and intractability results.

KW - Graph class

KW - Orientation

KW - Parameterized complexity

KW - Width parameter

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037641653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00453-017-0399-9

DO - 10.1007/s00453-017-0399-9

M3 - Article

VL - 80

SP - 2160

EP - 2180

JO - Algorithmica

JF - Algorithmica

SN - 0178-4617

IS - 7

ER -