Computational fluid dynamics analysis of cyclist aerodynamics : performance of different turbulence-modelling and boundary-layer modelling approaches

T.W.J. Defraeye, B.J.E. Blocken, E. Koninckx, P. Hespel, J.E. Carmeliet

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

58 Citaten (Scopus)
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Samenvatting

This study aims at assessing the accuracy of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for applications in sports aerodynamics, for example for drag predictions of swimmers, cyclists or skiers, by evaluating the applied numerical modelling techniques by means of detailed validation experiments. In this study, a wind-tunnel experiment on a scale model of a cyclist (scale 1:2) is presented. Apart from three-component forces and moments, also high-resolution surface pressure measurements on the scale model’s surface, i.e. at 115 locations, are performed to provide detailed information on the flow field. These data are used to compare the performance of different turbulence-modelling techniques, such as steady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS), with several k-e and k-¿ turbulence models, and unsteady Large-Eddy Simulation (LES), and also boundary-layer modelling techniques, namely wall functions and low-Reynolds number modelling (LRNM). The commercial CFD code Fluent 6.3 is used for the simulations. The RANS shear-stress transport (SST) k-¿ model shows the best overall performance, followed by the more computationally expensive LES. Furthermore, LRNM is clearly preferred over wall functions to model the boundary layer. This study showed that there are more accurate alternatives for evaluating flow around bluff bodies with CFD than the standard k-e model combined with wall functions, which is often used in CFD studies in sports.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)2281-2287
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftJournal of Biomechanics
Volume43
Nummer van het tijdschrift12
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2010

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