Codes, arrangements, matroids, and their polynomial links Many mathematical objects are closely related to each other. While studying certain aspects of a mathematical object, one tries to find a way to "view" the object in a way that is most suitable for a specific problem. Or, in other words, one tries to find the best way to model the problem. Many related fields of mathematics have evolved from one another this way. In practice, it is very useful to be able to transform a problem into other terminology: it gives a lot more available knowledge and that can be helpful to solve a problem. This thesis deals with various closely related fields in discrete mathematics, starting from linear error-correcting codes and their weight enumerator. We can generalize the weight enumerator in two ways, to the extended and generalized weight enumerators. The set of generalized weight enumerators is equivalent to the extended weight enumerator. Summarizing and extending known theory, we define the two-variable zeta polynomial of a code and its generalized zeta polynomial. These polynomials are equivalent to the extended and generalized weight enumerator of a code. We can determine the extended and generalized weight enumerator using projective systems. This calculation is explicitly done for codes coming from finite projective and affine spaces: these are the simplex code and the first order Reed-Muller code. As a result we do not only get the weight enumerator of these codes, but it also gives us information on their geometric structure. This is useful information in determining the dimension of geometric designs. To every linear code we can associate a matroid that is representable over a finite field. A famous and well-studied polynomial associated to matroids is the Tutte polynomial, or rank generating function. It is equivalent to the extended weight enumerator. This leads to a short proof of the MacWilliams relations for the extended weight enumerator. For every matroid, its flats form a geometric lattice. On the other hand, every geometric lattice induces a simple matroid. The Tutte polynomial of a matroid determines the coboundary polynomial of the associated geometric lattice. In the case of simple matroids, this becomes a two-way equivalence. Another polynomial associated to a geometric lattice (or, more general, to a poset) is the Möbius polynomial. It is not determined by the coboundary polynomial, neither the other way around. However, we can give conditions under which the Möbius polynomial of a simple matroid together with the Möbius polynomial of its dual matroid defines the coboundary polynomial. The proof of these relations involves the two-variable zeta polynomial, that can be generalized from codes to matroids. Both matroids and geometric lattices can be truncated to get an object of lower rank. The truncated matroid of a representable matroid is again representable. Truncation formulas exist for the coboundary and Möbius polynomial of a geometric lattice and the spectrum polynomial of a matroid, generalizing the known truncation formula of the Tutte polynomial of a matroid. Several examples and counterexamples are given for all the theory. To conclude, we give an overview of all polynomial relations.
|Kwalificatie||Doctor in de Filosofie|
|Datum van toekenning||29 aug 2012|
|Plaats van publicatie||Eindhoven|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 2012|