Coarse-grained molecular-dynamics simulations of nanoparticle diffusion in polymer nanocomposites

I.V. Volgin, S.V. Larin, A.V. Lyulin, S.V. Lyulin

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Uittreksel

Molecular-dynamics simulations have emerged as an effective tool to characterize polymer systems. Molecular level effects (even on microsecond time scales) are nowadays well reproduced by atomistically detailed models. Beyond this, further insights into the properties of the polymer system at a mesoscopic level can be gained by resorting to simulations based on appropriate coarse-grained models. However, reducing the number of degrees of freedom during the coarse-graining procedure may have a significant impact on atomistic level effects. A common example is the overall enhancement of the diffusive motion of polymer chains in coarse-grained simulations, which arises from the reduced friction of the coarse-grained beads. In the present work we investigate this well-known effect and study how the diffusive properties of the nanoparticle are affected by the coarse-graining procedure. To this end, we apply iterative Boltzmann inversion to develop two coarse-grained models of a nanocomposite based on the thermoplastic polyimide R-BAPB, containing a single fullerene C60 nanoparticle. By changing the size and, correspondingly, the total number of coarse-grained beads in each polymer chain, we can control the effect of chemical detalization on various phenomena. We exploit this idea to study the influence of the degree of detalization of polymer chains on their structural properties as well as on the diffusive properties of the fullerene nanoparticle, whose detalization is kept fixed. Although the structural properties of the coarse-grained systems are in good agreement with those of the fully atomistic system, the nanoparticle diffusion is significantly affected by the local chain structure. In particular, we find that the coarse-graining of the polymer chains on the length scale of the nanoparticle size leads to a full suppression of the subdiffusive regime observed in the fully atomistic system.

TaalEngels
Pagina's80-87
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftPolymer (United Kingdom)
Volume145
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 6 jun 2018

Vingerafdruk

Molecular dynamics
Nanocomposites
Polymers
Nanoparticles
Computer simulation
Fullerenes
Structural properties
Polyimides
Thermoplastics
Friction

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    title = "Coarse-grained molecular-dynamics simulations of nanoparticle diffusion in polymer nanocomposites",
    abstract = "Molecular-dynamics simulations have emerged as an effective tool to characterize polymer systems. Molecular level effects (even on microsecond time scales) are nowadays well reproduced by atomistically detailed models. Beyond this, further insights into the properties of the polymer system at a mesoscopic level can be gained by resorting to simulations based on appropriate coarse-grained models. However, reducing the number of degrees of freedom during the coarse-graining procedure may have a significant impact on atomistic level effects. A common example is the overall enhancement of the diffusive motion of polymer chains in coarse-grained simulations, which arises from the reduced friction of the coarse-grained beads. In the present work we investigate this well-known effect and study how the diffusive properties of the nanoparticle are affected by the coarse-graining procedure. To this end, we apply iterative Boltzmann inversion to develop two coarse-grained models of a nanocomposite based on the thermoplastic polyimide R-BAPB, containing a single fullerene C60 nanoparticle. By changing the size and, correspondingly, the total number of coarse-grained beads in each polymer chain, we can control the effect of chemical detalization on various phenomena. We exploit this idea to study the influence of the degree of detalization of polymer chains on their structural properties as well as on the diffusive properties of the fullerene nanoparticle, whose detalization is kept fixed. Although the structural properties of the coarse-grained systems are in good agreement with those of the fully atomistic system, the nanoparticle diffusion is significantly affected by the local chain structure. In particular, we find that the coarse-graining of the polymer chains on the length scale of the nanoparticle size leads to a full suppression of the subdiffusive regime observed in the fully atomistic system.",
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    Coarse-grained molecular-dynamics simulations of nanoparticle diffusion in polymer nanocomposites. / Volgin, I.V.; Larin, S.V.; Lyulin, A.V.; Lyulin, S.V.

    In: Polymer (United Kingdom), Vol. 145, 06.06.2018, blz. 80-87.

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikel

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Coarse-grained molecular-dynamics simulations of nanoparticle diffusion in polymer nanocomposites

    AU - Volgin,I.V.

    AU - Larin,S.V.

    AU - Lyulin,A.V.

    AU - Lyulin,S.V.

    PY - 2018/6/6

    Y1 - 2018/6/6

    N2 - Molecular-dynamics simulations have emerged as an effective tool to characterize polymer systems. Molecular level effects (even on microsecond time scales) are nowadays well reproduced by atomistically detailed models. Beyond this, further insights into the properties of the polymer system at a mesoscopic level can be gained by resorting to simulations based on appropriate coarse-grained models. However, reducing the number of degrees of freedom during the coarse-graining procedure may have a significant impact on atomistic level effects. A common example is the overall enhancement of the diffusive motion of polymer chains in coarse-grained simulations, which arises from the reduced friction of the coarse-grained beads. In the present work we investigate this well-known effect and study how the diffusive properties of the nanoparticle are affected by the coarse-graining procedure. To this end, we apply iterative Boltzmann inversion to develop two coarse-grained models of a nanocomposite based on the thermoplastic polyimide R-BAPB, containing a single fullerene C60 nanoparticle. By changing the size and, correspondingly, the total number of coarse-grained beads in each polymer chain, we can control the effect of chemical detalization on various phenomena. We exploit this idea to study the influence of the degree of detalization of polymer chains on their structural properties as well as on the diffusive properties of the fullerene nanoparticle, whose detalization is kept fixed. Although the structural properties of the coarse-grained systems are in good agreement with those of the fully atomistic system, the nanoparticle diffusion is significantly affected by the local chain structure. In particular, we find that the coarse-graining of the polymer chains on the length scale of the nanoparticle size leads to a full suppression of the subdiffusive regime observed in the fully atomistic system.

    AB - Molecular-dynamics simulations have emerged as an effective tool to characterize polymer systems. Molecular level effects (even on microsecond time scales) are nowadays well reproduced by atomistically detailed models. Beyond this, further insights into the properties of the polymer system at a mesoscopic level can be gained by resorting to simulations based on appropriate coarse-grained models. However, reducing the number of degrees of freedom during the coarse-graining procedure may have a significant impact on atomistic level effects. A common example is the overall enhancement of the diffusive motion of polymer chains in coarse-grained simulations, which arises from the reduced friction of the coarse-grained beads. In the present work we investigate this well-known effect and study how the diffusive properties of the nanoparticle are affected by the coarse-graining procedure. To this end, we apply iterative Boltzmann inversion to develop two coarse-grained models of a nanocomposite based on the thermoplastic polyimide R-BAPB, containing a single fullerene C60 nanoparticle. By changing the size and, correspondingly, the total number of coarse-grained beads in each polymer chain, we can control the effect of chemical detalization on various phenomena. We exploit this idea to study the influence of the degree of detalization of polymer chains on their structural properties as well as on the diffusive properties of the fullerene nanoparticle, whose detalization is kept fixed. Although the structural properties of the coarse-grained systems are in good agreement with those of the fully atomistic system, the nanoparticle diffusion is significantly affected by the local chain structure. In particular, we find that the coarse-graining of the polymer chains on the length scale of the nanoparticle size leads to a full suppression of the subdiffusive regime observed in the fully atomistic system.

    KW - Coarse-graining

    KW - Molecular dynamics simulations

    KW - Nanoparticle dynamics

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046626026&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.polymer.2018.04.058

    DO - 10.1016/j.polymer.2018.04.058

    M3 - Article

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    JO - Polymer

    T2 - Polymer

    JF - Polymer

    SN - 0032-3861

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