Cervical cerclage for prevention of preterm birth: the results from A 20-year cohort

Maria W.E. Frenken (Corresponding author), Simone M.T.A. Goossens, Minke C.R. Janssen, Leon G.M. Mulders, Judith O.E.H. van Laar

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)
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Cerclages can be used to prevent preterm birth, although their effectiveness and safety is disputed. We aimed to describe obstetric outcomes after cerclage procedures. We included 156 singleton pregnancies and six multiple pregnancies. In singleton pregnancies with history-indicated, short cervix-indicated and emergency cerclages, respectively 84.6, 76.5 and 43.8% resulted in late preterm or term deliveries. In singletons, the following complications were reported: excessive bleeding in one emergency cerclage procedure and three re-cerclage procedures in the history-indicated cerclage group. No perioperative rupture of membranes occurred in singletons. When comparing results of experienced and less-experienced gynaecologists, a remarkably smaller take home child rate was observed for singletons treated by less-experienced gynaecologists: 90.7% and 94.4% for the two experienced gynaecologist as compared to 85.0% for the group of less-experienced gynaecologists. In conclusion, cerclages in singletons result in few cerclage-associated complications and a high take home child rate, when performed by experienced gynaecologists. Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? Prematurity is the leading cause of perinatal and neonatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Cervical cerclages can be used to prevent preterm birth, although their effectiveness and safety is disputed.What the results of this study add? In our cohort study, singleton pregnancies with cerclages seem to have satisfactory obstetric outcomes. We found a very low prevalence of cerclage-associated complications in singleton pregnancies, for both history-indicated, short cervix-indicated and emergency cerclages. Additionally, take home child rates in singleton pregnancies were remarkably higher when cerclage procedures were performed by experienced gynaecologists, compared to less experienced gynaecologists.What the implications are of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? Based on the observed difference in take home child rates, we advise all cerclage procedures to be performed by experienced gynaecologists only. This may mean that women with an indication for cerclage will be referred to a more experienced colleague, either in the same, or in another hospital. To ensure treatment by an experienced gynaecologist, simulation-based training could also provide a solution.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)2665-2671
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
Vroegere onlinedatum2 jun. 2022
StatusGepubliceerd - okt. 2022


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