Breakdown voltage and recovery rate estimation of a supercritical nitrogen plasma switch

J. Zhang, E.J.M. Heesch, van, F.J.C.M. Beckers, T. Huiskamp, A.J.M. Pemen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

16 Citaties (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Uittreksel

Supercritical fluid (SCF), characterized by high pressure and high density, combines the advantages of gas and liquid: high ability of mass transfer and high heat transfer. SCF has a high potential as an electrical switching medium owing to its high breakdown strength and fast dielectric recovery capability after electrical breakdown. One other significant characteristic of SCF as insulating medium is its low impact to the environment, hence it is proposed as an ideal substitute for ${rm SF}_{6}$—an extreme greenhouse gas in power system circuit breakers. In this paper, the thermodynamic characteristics of SCF are introduced by the review of references. An experimental analysis of electrical breakdown phenomena of a supercritical (SC) plasma switch with pressure up to 180 bar is presented, focusing on the breakdown voltage variation as a function of the fluid pressure, gap width of the electrodes, and fluid flow rate through the gap. A thermodynamic model for recovery rate analysis of a gas insulated switch is proposed and its feasibility is discussed. The model is used to predict the recovery rate of an SC switch.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)376-383
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume42
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2014

Vingerafdruk

nitrogen plasma
supercritical fluids
electrical faults
switches
recovery
gases
thermodynamics
circuit breakers
fluid pressure
greenhouses
fluid flow
mass transfer
flow velocity
breakdown
heat transfer
substitutes
electrodes
liquids

Citeer dit

@article{f3682e868885483a8ba55f0fbc67da58,
title = "Breakdown voltage and recovery rate estimation of a supercritical nitrogen plasma switch",
abstract = "Supercritical fluid (SCF), characterized by high pressure and high density, combines the advantages of gas and liquid: high ability of mass transfer and high heat transfer. SCF has a high potential as an electrical switching medium owing to its high breakdown strength and fast dielectric recovery capability after electrical breakdown. One other significant characteristic of SCF as insulating medium is its low impact to the environment, hence it is proposed as an ideal substitute for ${rm SF}_{6}$—an extreme greenhouse gas in power system circuit breakers. In this paper, the thermodynamic characteristics of SCF are introduced by the review of references. An experimental analysis of electrical breakdown phenomena of a supercritical (SC) plasma switch with pressure up to 180 bar is presented, focusing on the breakdown voltage variation as a function of the fluid pressure, gap width of the electrodes, and fluid flow rate through the gap. A thermodynamic model for recovery rate analysis of a gas insulated switch is proposed and its feasibility is discussed. The model is used to predict the recovery rate of an SC switch.",
author = "J. Zhang and {Heesch, van}, E.J.M. and F.J.C.M. Beckers and T. Huiskamp and A.J.M. Pemen",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1109/TPS.2013.2294756",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "376--383",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science",
issn = "0093-3813",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "2",

}

Breakdown voltage and recovery rate estimation of a supercritical nitrogen plasma switch. / Zhang, J.; Heesch, van, E.J.M.; Beckers, F.J.C.M.; Huiskamp, T.; Pemen, A.J.M.

In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 42, Nr. 2, 2014, blz. 376-383.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Breakdown voltage and recovery rate estimation of a supercritical nitrogen plasma switch

AU - Zhang, J.

AU - Heesch, van, E.J.M.

AU - Beckers, F.J.C.M.

AU - Huiskamp, T.

AU - Pemen, A.J.M.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Supercritical fluid (SCF), characterized by high pressure and high density, combines the advantages of gas and liquid: high ability of mass transfer and high heat transfer. SCF has a high potential as an electrical switching medium owing to its high breakdown strength and fast dielectric recovery capability after electrical breakdown. One other significant characteristic of SCF as insulating medium is its low impact to the environment, hence it is proposed as an ideal substitute for ${rm SF}_{6}$—an extreme greenhouse gas in power system circuit breakers. In this paper, the thermodynamic characteristics of SCF are introduced by the review of references. An experimental analysis of electrical breakdown phenomena of a supercritical (SC) plasma switch with pressure up to 180 bar is presented, focusing on the breakdown voltage variation as a function of the fluid pressure, gap width of the electrodes, and fluid flow rate through the gap. A thermodynamic model for recovery rate analysis of a gas insulated switch is proposed and its feasibility is discussed. The model is used to predict the recovery rate of an SC switch.

AB - Supercritical fluid (SCF), characterized by high pressure and high density, combines the advantages of gas and liquid: high ability of mass transfer and high heat transfer. SCF has a high potential as an electrical switching medium owing to its high breakdown strength and fast dielectric recovery capability after electrical breakdown. One other significant characteristic of SCF as insulating medium is its low impact to the environment, hence it is proposed as an ideal substitute for ${rm SF}_{6}$—an extreme greenhouse gas in power system circuit breakers. In this paper, the thermodynamic characteristics of SCF are introduced by the review of references. An experimental analysis of electrical breakdown phenomena of a supercritical (SC) plasma switch with pressure up to 180 bar is presented, focusing on the breakdown voltage variation as a function of the fluid pressure, gap width of the electrodes, and fluid flow rate through the gap. A thermodynamic model for recovery rate analysis of a gas insulated switch is proposed and its feasibility is discussed. The model is used to predict the recovery rate of an SC switch.

U2 - 10.1109/TPS.2013.2294756

DO - 10.1109/TPS.2013.2294756

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 376

EP - 383

JO - IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

JF - IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

SN - 0093-3813

IS - 2

ER -