Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design

L.E. van Zyl, E. Efendic, Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr., R. Shankland

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Positive psychological interventions (PPIs) have been subjected to considerable criticism in recent years. Following similar movements across other domains of psychology, attempts to replicate classic PPI studies have failed or have produced mixed results. Such failures are often justified with arguments that invoke the complexity of human nature, the influence of contextual factors (for example, hidden moderators) that may arise in different populations, poor evaluation frameworks, or humans being reactive in PPIs and, as a result, modifying their behavior when observed. However, without replicability and consistency in results over time, the validity of PPIs will remain questionable in the broader scientific community unless acted on. In this chapter, it is argued that the lack of replicability and poor effectiveness of PPIs are a function of problems occurring in five areas: (a) intervention design, (b) recruitment and retention of participants, (c) adoption, (d) issues with intervention fidelity and implementation, and (e) efficacy or effectivity evaluation. This chapter focuses on the problems associated with each of these areas and presents general (albeit brief) best-practice guidelines for PPIs, inspired by recent developments in intervention methodology.
Originele taal-2Engels
TitelPositive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts
RedacteurenLlewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl, Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.
Plaats van productieCham
UitgeverijSpringer
Hoofdstuk1
Pagina's1-32
Aantal pagina's32
ISBN van elektronische versie978-3-030-20020-6
ISBN van geprinte versie978-3-030-20019-0
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 12 jun 2019

Vingerafdruk

psychological intervention
research planning
best practice
scientific community
moderator
evaluation
criticism
psychology
human being
lack
methodology

Citeer dit

van Zyl, L. E., Efendic, E., Rothmann Sr., S., & Shankland, R. (2019). Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. In L. E. Van Zyl, & S. Rothmann Sr. (editors), Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts (blz. 1-32). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20020-6_1
van Zyl, L.E. ; Efendic, E. ; Rothmann Sr., Sebastiaan ; Shankland, R. / Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . redacteur / Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl ; Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr. Cham : Springer, 2019. blz. 1-32
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van Zyl, LE, Efendic, E, Rothmann Sr., S & Shankland, R 2019, Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. in LE Van Zyl & S Rothmann Sr. (redactie), Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . Springer, Cham, blz. 1-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20020-6_1

Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. / van Zyl, L.E.; Efendic, E.; Rothmann Sr., Sebastiaan; Shankland, R.

Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . redactie / Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl; Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr. Cham : Springer, 2019. blz. 1-32.

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureHoofdstukAcademicpeer review

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van Zyl LE, Efendic E, Rothmann Sr. S, Shankland R. Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. In Van Zyl LE, Rothmann Sr. S, redacteurs, Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . Cham: Springer. 2019. blz. 1-32 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20020-6_1