Are trackers social actors? The role of self-tracking on self-evaluation

Elçin Hancı, Peter A.M. Ruijten, Joyca Lacroix, Elisabeth T. Kersten-van Dijk, Wijnand A. IJsselsteijn

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Despite the increased usage and potential benefits of self-tracking technologies for pursuing healthy lifestyles, the relationship that users have with these personal devices has remained under-studied. The current paper presents a field study to explore the perceived role of self-tracking devices as social actors. Participants received a pedometer which they carried on their person for one day. Users’ access to numerical feedback and the feeling of being tracked were manipulated, and users were interviewed afterwards regarding their experiences and their perceived social relationship to the tracker. Results of a thematic analysis indicated that in general, the feeling of being tracked led to higher self-awareness regarding participants’ walking activity. In particular, having access to agent feedback gave rise to more frequent self-evaluative reports towards one’s performance as well as a closer relationship between the device and its user. The results extend the CASA (Computers As Social Actors) paradigm by demonstrating that the capturing (and feeding back) of data can make a device be perceived as a social actor and be described in relational terms, even in the absence of clear social cues.

Originele taal-2Engels
TitelPersuasive Technology
SubtitelDevelopment of Persuasive and Behavior Change Support Systems - 14th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2019, Proceedings
RedacteurenKhin Than Win, Evangelos Karapanos, Eleni Kyza, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen, Pasi Karppinen
Plaats van productie|Cham
UitgeverijSpringer
Pagina's31-42
Aantal pagina's12
ISBN van geprinte versie9783030172862
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 3 apr 2019
Evenement14th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2019 - Limassol, Cyprus
Duur: 9 apr 201911 apr 2019

Publicatie series

NaamLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11433 LNCS
ISSN van geprinte versie0302-9743
ISSN van elektronische versie1611-3349

Congres

Congres14th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2019
LandCyprus
StadLimassol
Periode9/04/1911/04/19

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  • Citeer dit

    Hancı, E., Ruijten, P. A. M., Lacroix, J., Kersten-van Dijk, E. T., & IJsselsteijn, W. A. (2019). Are trackers social actors? The role of self-tracking on self-evaluation. In K. T. Win, E. Karapanos, E. Kyza, H. Oinas-Kukkonen, & P. Karppinen (editors), Persuasive Technology: Development of Persuasive and Behavior Change Support Systems - 14th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2019, Proceedings (blz. 31-42). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11433 LNCS). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17287-9_3