Application of computational fluid dynamics in building performance simulation for the outdoor environment: an overview

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Samenvatting

This paper provides an overview of the application of CFD in building performance simulation for the outdoor environment, focused on four topics: (1) pedestrian wind environment around buildings, (2) wind-driven rain on building facades, (3) convective heat transfer coefficients at exterior building surfaces, and (4) air pollutant dispersion around buildings. For each topic, its background, the need for CFD, an overview of some past CFD studies, a discussion about accuracy and some perspectives for practical application are provided. The paper indicates that for all four topics, CFD offers considerable advantages compared to wind tunnel modelling or (semi-)empirical formulae because it can provide detailed whole-flow field data under fully controlled conditions and without similarity constraints. The main limitations are the deficiencies of steady RANS modelling, the increased complexity and computational expense of LES and the requirement of systematic and time-consuming CFD solution verification and validation studies.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)157-184
Aantal pagina's28
TijdschriftJournal of Building Performance Simulation
Volume4
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2011

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