Acute isotonic hyponatremia after single dose histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate cardioplegia: an observational study

Joris van Houte (Corresponding author), Alexander J. Bindels, Saskia Houterman, Phi Vu Dong, Monique den Ouden, Nina E. de Bock, Niels J. Verberkmoes, Joyce Curvers, Arthur R. Bouwman

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

INTRODUCTION: Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate cardioplegia is used for prolonged myocardial protection in complex cardiac surgery. Administration leads to acute hyponatremia in a majority of patients, because of its low sodium concentration (15 mmol/L). However, histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution's osmolality is slightly hypertonic (310 mOsm/kg). Hypothesized was that acute isotonic hyponatremia will be induced, which does not need to be corrected with hypertonic saline.

METHODS: Cardiac surgery patients who received histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate cardioplegia were included in this prospective single center study. Serial blood samples were taken from each patient at five different time points: after induction of anesthesia (T1) and 10 minutes (T2), 6 hours (T3), 12 hours (T4), and 18 hours (T5) after administration of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate cardioplegia, respectively. Blood samples were analyzed for sodium concentration, osmolality, and acid-base balance.

RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were included. Median blood sodium levels decreased from 140 [138-141] at T1 to 128 [125-130] mmol/L at T2 (p < 0.001). At T3, T4, and T5, median blood sodium concentrations were 136 [134-138], 139 [137-140], and 140 [137-142] mmol/L, respectively. Median osmolality was 289 [286-293] at T1 and increased to 296 [291-299] mOsm/kg (p < 0.001) at T2. At T3, T4, and T5, osmolality was 298 [292-302], 298 [294-304], and 300 [297-306] mOsm/kg, respectively. Median pH decreased from 7.38 [7.36-7.40] at T1 to 7.30 [7.27-7.32] at T2 (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Administration of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate cardioplegia during cardiac surgery leads to acute moderate to severe isotonic hyponatremia, which resolves spontaneously in the first 18 hours perioperatively. Correction with hypertonic saline is not necessary.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)440-446
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftPerfusion
Volume36
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jul 2021

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