Accelerating soft-constrained MPC for linear systems through online constraint removal

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Optimization-based controllers, such as Model Predictive Control (MPC), have attracted significant research interest due to their intuitive concept, constraint handling capabilities, and natural application to multi-input multi-output systems. However, the computational complexity of solving a receding horizon problem at each time step remains a challenge for the deployment of MPC. This is particularly the case for systems constrained by many inequalities. Recently, we introduced the concept of constraint-adaptive MPC (ca-MPC) to address this challenge for linear systems with hard constraints. In ca-MPC, at each time step, a subset of the constraints is removed from the optimization problem, thereby accelerating the optimization procedure, while resulting in identical closed-loop behavior. The present paper extends this framework to soft-constrained MPC by detecting and removing constraints based on sub-optimal predicted input sequences, which is rather easy for soft-constrained MPC due to the receding horizon principle and the inclusion of slack variables. We will translate these new ideas explicitly to an offset-free output tracking problem. The effectiveness of these ideas is demonstrated on a two-dimensional thermal transport model, showing a three order of magnitude improvement in online computational time of the MPC scheme.
Originele taal-2Engels
Titel2023 62nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2023
UitgeverijInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Aantal pagina's6
ISBN van elektronische versie979-8-3503-0124-3
StatusGepubliceerd - 19 jan. 2024
Evenement2023 62nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC) - Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
Duur: 13 dec. 202315 dec. 2023
Congresnummer: 62


Congres2023 62nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)
Verkorte titelCDC 2023


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