A new method to evaluate the effects of shear on the skin

L.A. de Wert, D.L. Bader, C.W.J. Oomens, L. Schoonhoven, M. Poeze, N.D. Bouvy

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

25 Citaten (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Currently, pressure ulcer preventive strategies focus mainly on pressure redistribution. Little attention is paid to reduce the harmful effects of shear-force, because little is known about pathophysiological aspects of shear-force. Even today, no method to measure the effects of shear-force on the skin is available. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the response to shear-forces in terms of analyzing a noninvasive biomarker and reactive hyperemic parameter measured at the skin of healthy participants. A physical model was developed to produce a combination of pressure and shear or pressure alone on the skin. Ten healthy male participants were included and pressure (3.9 kPa) and a combined loading of pressure and shear (2.4 kPa + 14.5 N) was applied at the volar aspect of the forearms for 15 and 30 minutes. A Sebutape sample was used to collect IL-1α and total protein (TP) noninvasively. The reactive hyperemic parameter was derived from a laser Doppler flowmeter. The increase in IL-1α/TP-ratio after a combined loading of pressure and shear for 30 minutes of 6.2 ± 2.5 was significantly higher compared with all other test conditions (p <0.05). The increase in cutaneous blood cell flux was already significantly higher when a combined loading of pressure and shear was applied for 15 minutes compared with pressure alone. These results shows that the IL-1α/TP-ratio and cutaneous blood cell flux can be used as robust measures of the effect of shear-force on skin in humans. Therefore, this model can be used to evaluate materials aimed at the reduction of shear.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)885-890
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftWound Repair and Regeneration
Volume23
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 nov 2015

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