A multi-level model of emerging technology: An empirical study of the evolution of biotechnology from 1976 to 2003

A. van den Oord, Arjen van Witteloostuijn

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2 Citaten (Scopus)
80 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we develop an ecological, multi-level model that can be used to study the evolution of emerging technology. More specifically, by defining technology as a system composed of a set of interacting components, we can build upon the argument of multi-level density dependence from organizational ecology to develop a distribution-independent model of technological evolution. This allows us to distinguish between different stages of component development, which provides more insight into the emergence of stable component configurations, or dominant designs. We validate our hypotheses in the biotechnology industry by using patent data from the USPTO from 1976 to 2003.

Originele taal-2Engels
Aantal pagina's27
TijdschriftPLoS ONE
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 mei 2018


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