Long-term transportation and land use developments in the Greater Toronto-Hamilton Area, Canada: a preliminary analysis

Dena Kasraian, Shivani Raghav, Eric J. Miller

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademic

Samenvatting

Transportation infrastructure networks (TINs), and the accessibility that they provide, are argued to be major determinants of land-use change. However, the spatio-temporal extent of their impact on urbanization is unclear and calls for further investigation. This paper empirically investigates the impact of both road and transit networks on urbanization in the Greater Toronto-Hamilton Area (GTHA) from 1971 to 2016, using a traffic analysis zone (TAZ) level panel database of 17,160 observations. It first documents and measures the magnitude, location and rate of urbanization and TINs’ development in the region and in relation to each other using descriptive and buffer analyses. It then estimates the share of transport accessibility in urbanization over time and space using fixed effects panel regression models. Our findings demonstrate the significant extent of the ongoing sprawl, the substantial historical and current difference between the potential transit and car travel times, the stability of the potential car travel times despite improvements to the road network, the importance of urban proximity in prompting urbanization and the decreasing impact of transit improvement in urban development in urban areas and over time. A policy implication is that to encourage transit-oriented development, it is more effective to introduce or reinforce connections to activity centers rather than invest in reducing travel times to reach them.
Originele taal-2Engels
Titel15th International Conference on Travel Behaviour Research (IATBR’2018)
StatusNiet gepubliceerd - 15 jul 2018
Extern gepubliceerdJa
Evenement15th international conference on Travel Behavior Research (IATBR2018) - Santa Barbara, Verenigde Staten van Amerika
Duur: 15 jul 201820 jul 2018
http://www.iatbr2018.org/

Congres

Congres15th international conference on Travel Behavior Research (IATBR2018)
Verkorte titelIATBR2018
LandVerenigde Staten van Amerika
StadSanta Barbara
Periode15/07/1820/07/18
Internet adres

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