A hydrogen-based integrated energy and transport system: the design and analysis of the car as power plant concept

Samira S. Farahani, Reinier van der Veen, Vincent Oldenbroek, Farid Alavi, Esther H. Park Lee, N. van de Wouw, Ad van Wijk, Bart De Schutter, Zofia Lukszo

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

In recent years, the European Union (EU) has set ambitious targets toward a carbon-free energy transition. Many studies show that a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions-at least 90% by 2050-is required. In the transition toward a sustainable energy system, solar (or green) hydrogen plays many important roles, as it is a clean and safe energy carrier that can also be used as a fuel in transportation and in electricity production. To understand and steer the transition from the current energy system toward an integrated hydrogenbased energy and transport system, we propose a framework that integrates a technical and economic feasibility study, a controllability study, and institutional analysis. This framework is applied to the Car as Power Plant (CaPP) concept, which is an integrated energy and transport system. Such a system consists of a power system based on wind and solar power, conversion of renewable energy surpluses to hydrogen using electrolysis, hydrogen storage and distribution, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles that provide mobility, electricity, heat, and water. Controlling these vehicles in their different roles and designing an appropriate organizational system structure are necessary steps in the feasibility study. Our proposed framework for a future 100% renewable energy system is presented through a case study.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)37-50
TijdschriftIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
Volume5
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jan 2019

Vingerafdruk

Power plants
Railroad cars
Electricity
Hydrogen
Hydrogen fuels
Solar system
Hydrogen storage
Controllability
Gas emissions
Electrolysis
Greenhouse gases
Solar energy
Wind power
Free energy
Fuel cells
Economics
Carbon
Water
Hot Temperature
European Union

Citeer dit

Farahani, Samira S. ; van der Veen, Reinier ; Oldenbroek, Vincent ; Alavi, Farid ; Park Lee, Esther H. ; van de Wouw, N. ; van Wijk, Ad ; De Schutter, Bart ; Lukszo, Zofia. / A hydrogen-based integrated energy and transport system : the design and analysis of the car as power plant concept. In: IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics. 2019 ; Vol. 5, Nr. 1. blz. 37-50.
@article{2ebc3d496b0b47698631091b615d04b5,
title = "A hydrogen-based integrated energy and transport system: the design and analysis of the car as power plant concept",
abstract = "In recent years, the European Union (EU) has set ambitious targets toward a carbon-free energy transition. Many studies show that a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions-at least 90{\%} by 2050-is required. In the transition toward a sustainable energy system, solar (or green) hydrogen plays many important roles, as it is a clean and safe energy carrier that can also be used as a fuel in transportation and in electricity production. To understand and steer the transition from the current energy system toward an integrated hydrogenbased energy and transport system, we propose a framework that integrates a technical and economic feasibility study, a controllability study, and institutional analysis. This framework is applied to the Car as Power Plant (CaPP) concept, which is an integrated energy and transport system. Such a system consists of a power system based on wind and solar power, conversion of renewable energy surpluses to hydrogen using electrolysis, hydrogen storage and distribution, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles that provide mobility, electricity, heat, and water. Controlling these vehicles in their different roles and designing an appropriate organizational system structure are necessary steps in the feasibility study. Our proposed framework for a future 100{\%} renewable energy system is presented through a case study.",
author = "Farahani, {Samira S.} and {van der Veen}, Reinier and Vincent Oldenbroek and Farid Alavi and {Park Lee}, {Esther H.} and {van de Wouw}, N. and {van Wijk}, Ad and {De Schutter}, Bart and Zofia Lukszo",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1109/MSMC.2018.2873408",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "37--50",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics",
issn = "0018-9472",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "1",

}

Farahani, SS, van der Veen, R, Oldenbroek, V, Alavi, F, Park Lee, EH, van de Wouw, N, van Wijk, A, De Schutter, B & Lukszo, Z 2019, 'A hydrogen-based integrated energy and transport system: the design and analysis of the car as power plant concept', IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, vol. 5, nr. 1, blz. 37-50. https://doi.org/10.1109/MSMC.2018.2873408

A hydrogen-based integrated energy and transport system : the design and analysis of the car as power plant concept. / Farahani, Samira S.; van der Veen, Reinier; Oldenbroek, Vincent; Alavi, Farid; Park Lee, Esther H.; van de Wouw, N.; van Wijk, Ad; De Schutter, Bart ; Lukszo, Zofia.

In: IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vol. 5, Nr. 1, 01.2019, blz. 37-50.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A hydrogen-based integrated energy and transport system

T2 - the design and analysis of the car as power plant concept

AU - Farahani, Samira S.

AU - van der Veen, Reinier

AU - Oldenbroek, Vincent

AU - Alavi, Farid

AU - Park Lee, Esther H.

AU - van de Wouw, N.

AU - van Wijk, Ad

AU - De Schutter, Bart

AU - Lukszo, Zofia

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - In recent years, the European Union (EU) has set ambitious targets toward a carbon-free energy transition. Many studies show that a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions-at least 90% by 2050-is required. In the transition toward a sustainable energy system, solar (or green) hydrogen plays many important roles, as it is a clean and safe energy carrier that can also be used as a fuel in transportation and in electricity production. To understand and steer the transition from the current energy system toward an integrated hydrogenbased energy and transport system, we propose a framework that integrates a technical and economic feasibility study, a controllability study, and institutional analysis. This framework is applied to the Car as Power Plant (CaPP) concept, which is an integrated energy and transport system. Such a system consists of a power system based on wind and solar power, conversion of renewable energy surpluses to hydrogen using electrolysis, hydrogen storage and distribution, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles that provide mobility, electricity, heat, and water. Controlling these vehicles in their different roles and designing an appropriate organizational system structure are necessary steps in the feasibility study. Our proposed framework for a future 100% renewable energy system is presented through a case study.

AB - In recent years, the European Union (EU) has set ambitious targets toward a carbon-free energy transition. Many studies show that a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions-at least 90% by 2050-is required. In the transition toward a sustainable energy system, solar (or green) hydrogen plays many important roles, as it is a clean and safe energy carrier that can also be used as a fuel in transportation and in electricity production. To understand and steer the transition from the current energy system toward an integrated hydrogenbased energy and transport system, we propose a framework that integrates a technical and economic feasibility study, a controllability study, and institutional analysis. This framework is applied to the Car as Power Plant (CaPP) concept, which is an integrated energy and transport system. Such a system consists of a power system based on wind and solar power, conversion of renewable energy surpluses to hydrogen using electrolysis, hydrogen storage and distribution, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles that provide mobility, electricity, heat, and water. Controlling these vehicles in their different roles and designing an appropriate organizational system structure are necessary steps in the feasibility study. Our proposed framework for a future 100% renewable energy system is presented through a case study.

U2 - 10.1109/MSMC.2018.2873408

DO - 10.1109/MSMC.2018.2873408

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 37

EP - 50

JO - IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics

JF - IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics

SN - 0018-9472

IS - 1

ER -