The Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube (RHVT) is a device currently used to generate local cooling. In general, the fluid that is injected into the RHVT is a single-phase gas. In this study, however, we have added a dispersed phase (water droplets) to the gas (nitrogen). By means of phase Doppler particle analysis, three velocity components, their higher order moments, and sizes of droplets were measured, showing high intensity velocity fluctuations in the core region of the main vortex. The frequency spectrum of the velocity is presented and reveals that wobbling of the vortex axis is the cause of the high intensity fluctuations. The wobbling motion reduces the influence of the droplet size on the radial droplet velocity.
Liew, R., Zeegers, J. C. H., Kuerten, J. G. M., & Michalek, W. R. (2013). 3D Velocimetry and droplet sizing in the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube. Experiments in Fluids, 54(1416). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-012-1416-z