More and more existing urban areas are dealing with problems. Especially the older urban areas. To solve these problems restructuring is done. This treatment doesn't seem to be effective. Mainly the buildings and infrastructure is taken care off. Assumed was the other problems would vanish in time. This doesn't seem to be true. In the current approach something essential was missing. The current approach is focused on the physical aspects. But an urban area is more then buildings and infrastructure. An urban area is a community shaped by natural borders. A community existing out of a large amount of people with different backgrounds who all see their urban area as their home. People use the urban area to live, work, learn and relax. The urban area must provide safety and the possibility for people to develop. These are social aspects of the urban area. And this is much more than just the physical part of the urban area. The physical aspect is seen as the rough side of the urban area. The softer side is the social aspect. There is also a third aspect, the economical aspect which is woven into the other aspects. These three aspects are taken into national policy as three pillars. For every pillar criteria is made which shape the pillars. The setting-up of the economic, but especially the social pillar, gives trouble nowadays. Certainly in restructuring. The physical part is easy to visualize and social parts are not tangible and with designing solutions there is a lack of experience. It is unclear which problems matter in the urban area and how to deal with them. This research is about the soft side of the urban area. There has been done research to all the problems in an urban area can occur. During this research it was made clear the problems in urban areas are complex. Problems can relate to other problems as in cause - consequence relations. But the problems can also reinforce each other. For each problem more solutions are possible. The origin can differ but solutions are also urban area dependent. An integral solution can be obtained when the urban area is completely analysed. The problems in urban areas are divided into eight categories. Every problem can be placed in one category. A problem can be related to problems in every category. The problems are mapped during this research. With this knowledge the right analyses can be made for urban areas. To support this a tool to do analyses is taken into this research. This is designed during this research. Restructuring can roughly be divided into three phases, namely: - direction; - set-up; and - control. The analysis is the basic information for these three phases. The first step, determine direction, depends on the finding which are done. The analysis makes clear what needs to be done. A strategy is formed by the direction. The next essential step is the design of the strategy. This is the basis voor the set-up of the urban area. With the set-up is meant how the three pillars are shaped in the urban area. In this stadium the focus is again on the social aspects. The set-up must deliver a contribution to develop a community and bring back the social cohesion. It is important in this phase the people come together to develop their own set-up. Everybody needs to participate and deliver a contribution to social cohesion. The set-up is more than buildings and infrastructure. This is tangible and visual in comparison to the major part of the social set-up. In this research this set-up is also taken into account. An urban area can have a general set-up. This is done by a comparison with companies. A company has to deal with a large amount of people, just like urban areas. The workers in the company strive for the same goal. In spite of what happens every worker must be able to work with everybody and develop and produce products. An urban area needs a clear set-up, but not just a general one. To make the set-up more explicit for a certain urban area, that urban area needs an internal analysis. Strengths and weaknesses must be identified to make fully use of them. The weaknesses need to be identified because they can be a threat for the urban area. The strengths need to be identified because they can be of good use to make a difference and have a succesful restructuring. With this process the restructuring is fully focused on a certain urban area. Control is very important for an effective restructuring. Especially for the future of the urban area. This can only be done when the first phases are done successfully. Control is a whole new phase and therefore not taken into account in this research. But it is very essential for quality conservation. This creates value for the urban area, on both social and financial aspects.
|Date of Award||31 Aug 2012|
|Supervisor||W.F. Schaefer (Supervisor 1), C.J.T.M. Kokke (Supervisor 2) & C. Boonen (Supervisor 2)|