To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of two minimally invasive glaucoma surgery implants with a subconjunctival drainage approach: the XEN45 Gel Stent® (Xen) implant and the PRESERFLO™ MicroShunt (MicroShunt).
Retrospective comparative case series of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with at least 6 months of follow-up after a MicroShunt or Xen implantation augmented with mitomycin C.
Forty-one eyes of 31 patients underwent Xen implantation, and 41 eyes of 33 patients, MicroShunt implantation. Baseline characteristics were similar, except for more combined surgeries with phacoemulsification in the Xen group (37% vs. 2%). Mean baseline IOP ± standard deviation dropped from 19.2 ± 4.4 to 13.8 ± 3.8 mmHg (n = 26) in the Xen group and from 20.1 ± 5.0 to 12.1 ± 3.5 (n = 14) in the MicroShunt group at 24 months of follow-up (p = 0.19, t-test). The number of IOP-lowering medications dropped from 2.5 ± 1.4 to 0.9 ± 1.2 in the Xen group and from 2.3 ± 1.5 to 0.7 ± 1.1 in the MicroShunt group. The probability of qualified success was 73% and 79% at 24 months of follow-up for the Xen and MicroShunt groups, respectively. Postoperative complications were usually mild and self-limiting. The number of bleb needling and secondary glaucoma surgery procedures was similar in both groups; however, in the Xen group more additional MicroPulse® transscleral cyclophotocoagulation procedures were performed.
Xen Gel Stent and PreserFlo MicroShunt implantations achieved comparable results in POAG eyes in terms of IOP-lowering and surgical success, with a similar high safety profile.
- minimally invasive glaucoma surgery
- PRESERFLO MicroShunt
- Xen gel stent