Wind-tunnel experiments on cross-ventilative cooling in a generic isolated building with one heated wall: Impact of opening size

Katarina Kosutova, Christina Vanderwel, Twan van Hooff (Corresponding author), Bert Blocken, Jan L.M. Hensen

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Abstract

This paper presents wind-tunnel experiments of cross-ventilative cooling in a generic isolated building with an interior heated side wall. Two different sizes of openings are considered: large and small openings. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used to determine velocities in the vertical centerplane. Air temperatures in the vertical centerplane are measured using negative temperature coefficient (NTC) sensors. Surface temperatures on the heated wall are measured using an infrared camera. Surface heat fluxes are obtained using heat flux sensors. In both cases the indoor airflow is dominated by the jet through the openings, with higher velocities in the building with large openings. The air temperatures measured with small openings are up to 7.5 % larger than those with large openings. The surface heat fluxes are up to 20 % higher in the building with large openings. The interior convective heat transfer coefficients vary considerably across the heated wall for both opening sizes and can be very different (up to 5 times higher) from those obtained by existing internal convective heat transfer coefficient correlations. The measurement results give insight into the complexity of ventilative cooling and can be used to validate computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of cross-ventilative cooling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111628
Number of pages17
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume259
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2024

Keywords

  • Heat flux
  • Indoor air temperature
  • Indoor airflow
  • PIV
  • Ventilative cooling
  • Wind-tunnel experiments

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