In this paper it is demonstrated that system peaks are induced by multivalent weak ionic species in background electrolytes. Their existence is derived from SystCharts and from Peak Shape Diagrams and the theory is confirmed experimentally. If analytes are present in a sample, with mobilities approximately equal to the mobility of a system peak, they interact, resulting in a strong increase of electromigration dispersion. This leads to strong peak broadening, peak deformation and a loss of resolution. Typical background electrolytes containing multivalent ionic species, e.g. phosphate and phthalate buffers, often reported to be robust electrolytes, are therefore not always universally applicable and can fail for the application of specific analytes. This paper reports a systematic study of the above phenomena and shows both theoretical and experimental results for background electrolytes containing phosphoric acid and phthalic acid.