When is it safe to resume driving after total hip and total knee arthroplasty? a meta-analysis of literature on post-operative brake reaction times

C.A. van der Velden, J.J. Tolk, R.P.A. Janssen, M. Reijman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the current available evidence about when patients might resume driving after elective, primary total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) undertaken for osteoarthritis (OA). Materials and Methods: In February 2016, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, PubMed Publisher, CINAHL, EBSCO and Google Scholar were searched for clinical studies reporting on 'THA', 'TKA', 'car driving', 'reaction time' and 'brake response time'. Two researchers (CAV and JJT) independently screened the titles and abstracts for eligibility and assessed the risk of bias. Both fixed and random effects were used to pool data and calculate mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between pre- and post-operative total brake response time (TBRT). Results: A total of 19 studies were included. The assessment of the risk of bias showed that one study was at high risk, six studies at moderate risk and 12 studies at low risk. Meta-analysis of TBRT showed a MD decrease of 25.54 ms (95% CI -32.02 to 83.09) two weeks after right-sided THA, and of 18.19 ms (95% CI -6.13 to 42.50) four weeks after a right-sided TKA, when compared with the pre-operative value. Conclusion: The TBRT returned to baseline two weeks after a right-sided THA and four weeks after a right-sided TKA. These results may serve as guidelines for orthopaedic surgeons when advising patients when to resume driving. However, the advice should be individualised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-576
Number of pages11
JournalThe Bone & Joint Journal
Volume99-B
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/rehabilitation
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/rehabilitation
  • Automobile Driving
  • Humans
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip/rehabilitation
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
  • Postoperative Period
  • Reaction Time/physiology
  • Recovery of Function/physiology
  • Safety

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