What are the preferred characteristics of a service robot for the elderly?: A multi-country focus group study with older adults and caregivers

Sandra Bedaf (Corresponding author), Patrizia Marti, Luc de Witte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This multi-perspective study focuses on how a service robot for the elderly should behave when interacting with potential users. An existing service robot and a scenario were used as a concrete case, which was discussed and analyzed during focus group sessions with older adults (n = 38), informal caregivers (n = 24), and professional caregivers (n = 35) in the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom. A total of seven topics—privacy, task execution, environment, appearance, behavior, visitors, and communication—were explored. The results showed that some of the characteristics mentioned were unique to a user group, but several were cross-cutting. Overall, potential users expected the service robot to be customizable in order to match the users’ needs and preferences. Also, high expectations concerning its functioning and behavior were expressed, which sometimes could even be compared to the qualities of a human being. This emphasizes the complexity of service robot development for older adults, and highlights the need for a personalized and flexible solution. One size does not fit all, and specific attention should be paid to the development of the robot’s social behavior and skills beyond a mere functional support for the person.

LanguageEnglish
Pages147-157
JournalAssistive Technology
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Focus Groups
Caregivers
Privacy
Social Behavior
Netherlands
France
Communication
Social Skills
United Kingdom

Keywords

  • activities of daily living
  • older adults
  • robotics

Cite this

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abstract = "This multi-perspective study focuses on how a service robot for the elderly should behave when interacting with potential users. An existing service robot and a scenario were used as a concrete case, which was discussed and analyzed during focus group sessions with older adults (n = 38), informal caregivers (n = 24), and professional caregivers (n = 35) in the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom. A total of seven topics—privacy, task execution, environment, appearance, behavior, visitors, and communication—were explored. The results showed that some of the characteristics mentioned were unique to a user group, but several were cross-cutting. Overall, potential users expected the service robot to be customizable in order to match the users’ needs and preferences. Also, high expectations concerning its functioning and behavior were expressed, which sometimes could even be compared to the qualities of a human being. This emphasizes the complexity of service robot development for older adults, and highlights the need for a personalized and flexible solution. One size does not fit all, and specific attention should be paid to the development of the robot’s social behavior and skills beyond a mere functional support for the person.",
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What are the preferred characteristics of a service robot for the elderly? A multi-country focus group study with older adults and caregivers. / Bedaf, Sandra (Corresponding author); Marti, Patrizia; de Witte, Luc.

In: Assistive Technology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2019, p. 147-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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