Wavelength selection of vortex ripples in an oscillating cylinder: The effect of curvature and background rotation

Matias Duran Matute (Corresponding author), M.D. van Gorp, Gert-Jan van Heijst

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Abstract

We present results of laboratory experiments on the formation, evolution, and wavelength selection of vortex ripples. These ripples formed on a sediment bed at the bottom of a water-filled oscillating cylindrical tank mounted on top of a rotating table. The table is made to oscillate sinusoidally in time, while a constant background rotation was added for some experiments. The changes in bed thickness are measured using a light attenuation technique. It was found that the wavelength normalized with the excursion length depends on both a Reynolds number and the Strouhal number. This differs from straight or annular geometries where the wavelength is proportional to the excursion length. The flow in an oscillating cylinder has the peculiarity that it develops a secondary flow in the radial direction that depends on the excursion length. The effect of this secondary circulation is evident in the radial transport for small values of the Strouhal number or in the orientation of the ripples for strong enough background rotation. Additionally, ripples in an oscillating cylinder present a rich dynamic behavior where the number of ripples can oscillate even with constant forcing parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Article number033105
Pages (from-to)033105
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2019

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