This article reviews the recent progress in the growth and device applications of InAs/InP quantum dots (QDs) for telecom applications. Wavelength tuning of the metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy grown single layer and stacked InAs QDs embedded in InGaAsP/InP (1 0 0) over the 1.55-µm region at room temperature (RT) is achieved using ultra-thin GaAs interlayers underneath the QDs. The GaAs interlayers, together with reduced growth temperature and V/III ratio, and extended growth interruption suppress As/P exchange to reduce the QD height in a controlled way. Device quality of the QDs is demonstrated by temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) measurements, revealing zero-dimensional carrier confinement and defect-free InAs QDs, and is highlighted by continuous-wave ground-state lasing at RT of narrow ridge-waveguide QD lasers, exhibiting a broad gain spectrum. Unpolarized PL from the cleaved side, important for realization of polarization insensitive semiconductor optical amplifiers, is obtained from closely stacked QDs due to vertical electronic coupling.
|Title of host publication||6th Int. Workshop on Epitaxial Semiconductors on Patterned Substrates and Novel Index Surfaces, April 3-5, 2006|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|