Water dynamics : relation between hydrogen bond bifurcations, molecular jumps, local density & hydrophobicity

John Titantah, M.E.J. Karttunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
46 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Structure and dynamics of water remain a challenge. Resolving the properties of hydrogen bonding lies at the heart of this puzzle. We employ ab initio Molecular Dynamics (AIMD) simulations over a wide temperature range. The total simulation time was ˜ 2 ns. Both bulk water and water in the presence of a small hydrophobic molecule were simulated. We show that large-angle jumps and bond bifurcations are fundamental properties of water dynamics and that they are intimately coupled to both local density and hydrogen bond strength oscillations in scales from about 60 to a few hundred femtoseconds: Local density differences are the driving force for bond bifurcations and the consequent large-angle jumps. The jumps are intimately connected to the recently predicted hydrogen bond energy asymmetry. Our analysis also appears to confirm the existence of the so-called negativity track provided by the lone pairs of electrons on the oxygen atom to enable water rotation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2991
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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