This paper addresses the relative viscosity of concentrated suspensions loaded with unimodal hard particles. So far, exact equations have only been put forward in the dilute limit, e.g., by Einstein for spheres. For larger concentrations, a number of phenomenological models for the relative viscosity was presented, which depend on particle concentration only. Here, an original and exact closed form expression is derived based on geometrical considerations that predicts the viscosity of a concentrated suspension of monosized particles. This master curve for the suspension viscosity is governed by the relative viscosity-concentration gradient in the dilute limit (for spheres the Einstein limit) and by random close packing of the unimodal particles in the concentrated limit. The analytical expression of the relative viscosity is thoroughly compared with experiments and simulations reported in the literature, concerning both dilute and concentrated suspensions of spheres, and good agreement is found.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 10 May 2010|