Versatile phosphite ligands based on silsesquioxane backbones

J.I. Vlugt, van der, J. Ackerstaff, T.W. Dijkstra, A.M. Mills, H. Kooijman, A.L. Spek, A. Meetsma, H.C.L. Abbenhuis, D. Vogt

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Silsesquioxanes are employed as ligand backbones for the synthesis of novel phosphite compds. with 3,3'-5,5'-tetrakis(tert-butyl)-2,2'-dioxa-1,1'-biphenyl substituents. Both mono- and bidentate phosphites are prepd. in good yields. Two types of silsesquioxanes are employed as starting materials. The monophosphinite 1 and the monophosphite 2 are prepd. from the thallium silsesquioxide derived from a completely condensed silsesquioxane framework (c-C5H9)7Si7O12SiOTl. The diphosphite 3 is synthesized starting with the incompletely condensed monosilylated disilanol (c-C5H9)7Si7O9(OSiMePh2)(OH)2. For monophosphite 2, the corresponding trans-[PtCl2(2)] complex 4 is characterized by NMR spectroscopy as well as by X-ray crystallog., as the first example of a completely condensed oxo-functionalized silsesquioxane framework. The coordination of the bidentate ligand 3 towards Pd, Mo and Rh is studied, both by NMR spectroscopy as well as by X-ray crystallog. Various modes of coordination are shown to be possible. The mol. structures for the complexes trans-[PdCl2(3)] (5), cis-[Mo(CO)4(3)] (6) and the dinuclear complex [{Rh(m-Cl)(CO)}2(k2-3)] (7) have been detd. In the rhodium-catalyzed hydroformylation of 1-octene high activities, with turnover frequencies of up to 6800 h-1, are obtained with these new nanosized phosphorus ligands
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-412
Number of pages14
JournalAdvanced Synthesis & Catalysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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