Velocity and acceleration estimation for optical incremental encoders

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Abstract

Optical incremental encoders are extensively used for position measurements in motion systems. The position measurements suffer from quantization errors. Velocity and acceleration estimations obtained by numerical differentiation largely amplify the quantization errors. In this paper, the time stamping concept is used to obtain more accurate position, velocity and acceleration estimations. Time stamping makes use of stored events, consisting of the encoder counts and their time instants, captured at a high resolution clock. Encoder imperfections and the limited resolution of the capturing rate of the encoder events result in errors in the estimations. In this paper, we propose a method to extend the observation interval of the stored encoder events using a skip operation. Experiments on a motion system show that the velocity estimation is improved by 54% and the acceleration estimation by 92%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalMechatronics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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