Validation of a short form Three Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (TFMQ-SF) in pregnant women

S. Truijens, I. Nyklicek, J. van Son, Victor Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
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Emotional distress during pregnancy has been frequently related to adverse outcomes, not only for the pregnant woman but also for the developing fetus. Self-reported mindfulness has been associated with several indices of well-being such as life satisfaction, physical well-being, and mental health. This study focused on the relationship between self-reported mindfulness and psychological distress (depressive symptomatology and pregnancy-related distress) in pregnant women, as research on this association during pregnancy is largely lacking. In this study, a brief Three-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (TFMQ-SF) was tested and validated using explorative factor analysis (EFA) and confirmative factor analysis (CFA) in two large samples of pregnant women from the same study (total N = 905). The TFMQ-SF showed adequate psychometric properties and correlated negatively with symptoms of depression and pregnancy-related distress, with medium to large effect sizes. This study showed the 12-item TFMQ-SF to be a valid instrument to evaluate self-reported mindfulness in pregnant women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-124
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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