Using equity theory to examine the difference between burnout and depression

A.B. Bakker, W.B. Schaufeli, E. Demerouti, P.P.M. Janssen, R. Hulst, van der, Janneke Brouwer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    139 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    This study among a sample of 154 Dutch teachers examines the discriminant validity of burnout and depression, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), respectively. Confirmatory factor analyses show that burnout can be statistically discriminated from depression. Results corroborate the three-factor structure of the MBI and partly confirm the four-factor structure of the CES-D. Furthermore, results of structural equation modeling analyses show that a lack of reciprocity in the relationship with one's partner predicts depression (and not burnout), and that a lack of reciprocity in the relationship with students predicts burnout (and only indirectly depression). These findings are consistent with equity theory, and confirm the central hypothesis that burnout is work-related, whereas depression is context-free.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)247-268
    Number of pages22
    JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
    Volume13
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

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