Using dynamic time warping for sleep and wake discrimination

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Abstract

In previous work, a Linear Discriminant (LD) classifier was used to classify sleep and wake states during single-night polysomnography recordings (PSG) of actigraphy, respiratory effort and electrocardiogram (ECG). In order to improve the sleep-wake discrimination performance and to reduce the number of modalities needed for class discrimination, this study incorporated Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) to help discriminate between sleep and wake states based on actigraphy and respiratory effort signal. DTW quantifies signal similarities manifested in the features extracted from the respiratory effort signal. Experiments were conducted on a dataset acquired from nine healthy subjects, using an LD-based classifier. Leave-one- out cross-validation shows that adding this DTW-based feature to the original actigraphy- and respiratory-based feature set results in an epoch-by-epoch Cohen’s Kappa agreement coefficient of ¿ = 0.69 (at an overall accuracy of 95.4%), which represents a significant improvement when compared with the performance obtained without using this feature. Furthermore it is comparable to the result obtained in the previous work which used additional ECG features (¿ = 0.70).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics 2012 (BHI), 2-7 January 2012, Hong Kong and Shenzhen, China
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages886-889
ISBN (Print)978-1-4577-2177-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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