This chapter discusses the simulation of urban thermal microclimate with a focus on heat waves in urban areas, the simulation of overheating of buildings and the effects of adaptation measures to limit temperatures in buildings and urban areas during heat waves. The spatial scales are the meteorological microscale (neighborhood scale) and the building scale; the methods are computational fluid dynamics and building energy simulation. Adaptation measures investigated at the neighborhood scale are avenue trees, green facades and green roofs; adaptation measures at the building scale are increased thermal resistance, increased thermal mass, increased short-wave reflectivity of facades and roofs, peak ventilation, vegetated roofs and exterior solar shading.
|Title of host publication||Building performance simulation for design and operation|
|Editors||J.L.M. Hensen, R. Lamberts|
|Place of Publication||Abingdon|
|Publisher||Routledge Taylor & Francis Group|
|Number of pages||43|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|