We present a theoretical study of unnested period-doubling islands in three-dimensional rate equations modeling a semiconductor laser subject to external optical injection. In this phenomenon successive curves of period doublings are not arranged in nicely nested islands, but intersect each other. This overall structure is globally organized by several codimension-2 bifurcations. As a consequence, the chaotic region existing inside an unnested island of period doublings can be entered not only via a period-doubling cascade but also via the breakup of a torus, and even via the sudden appearance of a chaotic attractor. In order to fully understand these different chaotic transitions we reveal underlying global bifurcations and we show how they are connected to codimension-2 bifurcation points. Unnested islands of period doublings appear to be generic and hence must be expected in a large class of dynamical systems.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|