Universality for first passage percolation on sparse random graphs

S. Bhamidi, R.W. Hofstad, van der, G. Hooghiemstra

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Abstract

We consider first passage percolation on the conguration model with n vertices, and general independent and identically distributed edge weights assumed to have a density. Assuming that the degree distribution satisfies a uniform X2 logX-condition, we analyze the asymptotic distribution for the minimal weight path between a pair of typical vertices, as well the number of edges on this path namely the hopcount. The hopcount satisfies a central limit theorem (CLT). Furthermore, writing Ln for the weight of this optimal path, then we shown that Ln(log n)= n converges to a limiting random variable, for some sequence n. This sequence n and the norming constants for the CLT are expressible in terms of the parameters of an associated continuous-time branching process that describes the growth of neighborhoods around a uniformly chosen vertex in the random graph. The limit of Ln(log n)= n equals the sum of the logarithm of the product of two independent martingale limits, and a Gumbel random variable. Till date, for sparse random graph models, such results have been shown only for the special case where the edge weights have an exponential distribution, wherein the Markov property of this distribution plays a crucial role in the technical analysis of the problem. The proofs in the paper rely on a refined coupling between shortest path trees and continuous- time branching processes, and on a Poisson point process limit for the potential closing edges of shortest-weight paths between the source and destination.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEindhoven
PublisherEurandom
Number of pages40
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameReport Eurandom
Volume2014013
ISSN (Print)1389-2355

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    Bhamidi, S., Hofstad, van der, R. W., & Hooghiemstra, G. (2014). Universality for first passage percolation on sparse random graphs. (Report Eurandom; Vol. 2014013). Eurandom.