Understanding hydrocarbon adsorption in the uio-66 metal-organic framework: Separation of (un)saturated linear, branched, cyclic adsorbates, including stereoisomers

T. Duerinck, R. Bueno-Perez, F. Vermoortele, D. E. De Vos, Sofia Calero, G. V. Baron, J. F.M. Denayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The low coverage adsorption properties of alkanes, alkenes, and aromatics of the linear, branched, and cyclic type (ca. 70 molecules) were studied using inverse pulse gas chromatography at zero coverage on the zirconium metal-organic framework UiO-66 and its functionalized analogues UiO-66-Me, UiO-66-NO 2, UiO-66-Me2 in the temperature range 433-573 K. In our study, we determined and analyzed the adsorption enthalpy, Henry constants, and entropic factors. Preferential adsorption of bulky molecules is observed with specific adsorbate and cage size effects, yielding very specific, preferential adsorption. Remarkably high adsorption selectivity factors (up to 14) for cyclo- compared to n-alkanes were found. The presence of additional groups (methyl, nitro) on the linkers in the framework influences adsorption properties significantly, mainly by reducing the effective pore size. Whereas increased selectivity is observed for UiO-66-Me, this effect decreases again upon addition of a second methyl group, UiO-66-Me2. The latter allows for tuning confinement factors inside the pores, thus adsorption properties of the metal-organic framework. The selective adsorption results from the interaction in the smallest octahedral cage. The extreme confinement in the tetrahedral cage allows for stereoselective separation of disubstituted cycloalkanes and cis/trans alkenes. Monte Carlo simulations were performed for the unfunctionalized UiO-66 framework. First, a comparative study between the force fields Dreiding and UFF is performed with n-alkanes to obtain accurate and reproducible values. The simulations show adsorbate molecular size-adsorbent cage size effects similar to window/cage effects reported for zeolites (e.g., silicalite). Second, adsorption properties were simulated for selected cases, including stereoisomers. Careful analysis of the adsorbate's molecular positioning in the framework confirms the experimental data. The framework's selectivity results from adsorption in the tetrahedral cage at zero coverage. Furthermore, simulations show important contributions of entropic factors to the observed adsorption selectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12567-12578
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume117
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

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