Turbulent parametric surface waves

D. Snouck, M.T. Westra, W. Water, van de

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We study disordered capillary waves on the surface of a vertically oscillated fluid layer and try to establish their relation with weak wave turbulence. We measure the surface gradient in space and time and argue that gradient spectra are better suited for comparison to the predictions of weak wave turbulence theory than spectra of the surface elevation. Because the gradient is a vector quantity, we must distinguish longitudinal and transverse spectra. However, they prove to be related trivially through isotropy. From the measured wavenumber-frequency spectrum it appears that the dispersion relation is only satisfied approximately. In the wavenumber direction the spectral features are strongly broadened due to spatial disorder. This disagrees with weak wave turbulence theory where exact satisfaction of the dispersion relation is pivotal. We find approximate algebraic frequency and wavenumber spectra but with exponents that are different from those predicted by weak wave turbulence theory. However, other findings, such as the broadening of harmonics proportional to their frequency and the emergence of Gaussian statistics at selected wavenumber bands, point to weak wave turbulence.
Original languageEnglish
Article number025102
Pages (from-to)025102-1/8
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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