Transmission electron microscopy study of unhydrided,dehydrided and annealed LaNi5

A.E.M. Veirman, de, A.A. Staals, P.H.L. Notten

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The influence of hydrogen absorption on the microstructure of LaNi5 powders has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy. At the surface of the unhydrided and dehydrided LaNi5 grains a reaction layer is observed. By means of selected area electron diffraction this layer is found to consist of metallic nickel and a second constituent, most probably La203. This observation suggests that this surface layer is not induced by the hydrogen absorption reaction. Within dehydrided LaNi5 grains planar-like defects, which are formed during previous hydrogen absorption, were observed. The habit plane, strain field and average spacing of these planar-like defects have been determined. From the correspondence between the above characteristics and the reduced coherence length perpendicular to the c-axis, as derived from anisotropic peak broadening in X-ray diffraction analyses, it was concluded that a correlation exists between the presence of planar-like defects and peak broadening. This correlation is further sustained by the fact that they both disappear upon annealing at 600°C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-849
JournalPhilosophical Magazine A : physics of condensed matter, structure, defects and mechanical properties
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994


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