Transfer of pi-conjugated columnar stacks from solution to surfaces

P. Jonkheijm, F.J.M. Hoeben, R. Kleppinger, J. Herrikhuyzen, van, A.P.H.J. Schenning, E.W. Meijer

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202 Citations (Scopus)


Three hydrogen-bonded oligo(p-phenylenevinylene)s, OPV3, OPV4, and OPV5, that differ in conjugation length have been synthesized and fully characterized. All three compds. contain chiral side chains, long aliph. chains, and a ureido-s-triazine hydrogen bonding unit. 1H NMR and photophys. measurements show that the OPV oligomers grow hierarchically in an apolar solvent; initially, dimers are formed by hydrogen bonds that subsequently develop into stacks by p-p interactions of the phenylenevinylene backbone with induced helicity via the chiral side chains. SANS measurements show that rigid cylindrical objects are formed. Stacks of OPV4 have a persistence length of 150 nm and a diam. of 6 nm. OPV3 shows rigid columnar domains of 60 nm with a diam. of 5 nm. Temp. and concn. variable measurements show that the stability of the stacks increases with the conjugation length as a result of more favorable p-p interactions. The transfer of the single cylinders from soln. to a solid support as isolated objects is only possible when specific concns. and specific solid supports are used as investigated by AFM. At higher concns., an intertwined network is formed, while, at low concn., ill-defined globular objects are obsd. Only in the case of inert substrates (graphite and silicium oxide) single fibers are visible. In the case of the repulsive surfaces (mica and glass), clustering of the stacks occurs, while, at attractive surfaces (gold), the stacks are destroyed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15941-15949
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number51
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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