Trajectory grouping structure

K. Buchin, M. Buchin, M.J. Kreveld, van, B. Speckmann, F. Staals

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The collective motion of a set of moving entities like people, birds, or other animals, is characterized by groups arising, merging, splitting, and ending. Given the trajectories of these entities, we define and model a structure that captures all of such changes using the Reeb graph, a concept from topology. The trajectory grouping structure has three natural parameters, namely group size, group duration, and entity inter-distance. These parameters allow us to obtain detailed or global views of the data. We prove complexity bounds on the maximum number of maximal groups that can be present, and give algorithms to compute the grouping structure efficiently. Furthermore, we showcase the results of experiments using data generated by the NetLogo flocking model and from the Starkey project. Although there is no ground truth for the groups in this data, the experiments show that the trajectory grouping structure is plausible and has the desired effects when changing the essential parameters. Our research provides the first complete study of trajectory group evolvement, including combinatorial, algorithmic, and experimental results.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAlgorithms and Data Structures (13th International Symposium, WADS 2013, London, ON, Canada, August 12-14, 2013. Proceedings)
EditorsF. Dehne, R. Solis-Orba, J.-R. Sack
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages219-230
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-40103-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume8037
ISSN (Print)0302-9743

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  • Cite this

    Buchin, K., Buchin, M., Kreveld, van, M. J., Speckmann, B., & Staals, F. (2013). Trajectory grouping structure. In F. Dehne, R. Solis-Orba, & J-R. Sack (Eds.), Algorithms and Data Structures (13th International Symposium, WADS 2013, London, ON, Canada, August 12-14, 2013. Proceedings) (pp. 219-230). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 8037). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40104-6_19