Towards the Senior Resident Social Interaction System: A Case Study of Interactive Gallery

Cun Li (Corresponding author), Linghao Zhang, Xu Lin, Kai Kang, Jun Hu, Bart Hengeveld, Caroline Hummels

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Abstract

The number of older adults residing in nursing institutions is increasing, and many of them experience social isolation. The social interaction of older adults constitutes a complex system that involves multiple stakeholders, including fellow residents, caregivers, members of the local community, etc. This paper proposes an Interactive Gallery, comprising a cluster of scenery collectors and an interactive installation resembling a gallery. It aims to promote social interaction among nursing home residents and members of the local community, as well as between senior residents within the nursing home. We conducted a field study that employed behavior observation and semi-structured interviews. Our findings show that the Interactive Gallery had a positive impact on the social interaction of senior participants, and it also stimulated their interest in sharing their experiences with individuals outside of the nursing home. The implications of our field study are significant. We highlight the social interaction system and behavioral characteristics of senior residents, strategies for enhancing social interaction within the nursing home, and strategies for promoting social interaction between senior residents and members of the local community. The Interactive Gallery presents a novel approach to addressing the issue of social isolation among senior residents in nursing homes. Our field study findings demonstrate its potential to improve the quality of life of seniors by promoting social interaction and engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number204
Number of pages22
JournalSystems
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation project funded by the Ministry of Education of China, grant number 22YJC760031. Philosophy and Social Science Research in Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province, grant number 2022SJYB0938. Jiangnan University Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, grant number JUSRP122070. Creative & Cultural Products Research Center of Jiangnan University.

Keywords

  • nursing home
  • senior residents
  • social interaction
  • tangible interface

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