In this paper, an experimental strategy is presented to characterize the rheological behavior of filled, uncured rubber compounds. Oscillatory shear experiments on a regular plate-plate rheometer are combined with a phenomenological thixotropy model to obtain model parameters that can be used to describe the steady shear behavior. We compare rate- and stress-controlled kinetic equations for a structure parameter that determines the deformation history-dependent spectrum and, thus, the dynamic thixotropic behavior of the material. We keep the models as simple as possible and the characterization straightforward to maximize applicability. The model can be implemented in a finite element framework as a tool to simulate realistic rubber processing. This will be the topic of another work, currently under preparation. In shaping processes, such as rubber- and polymer extrusion, with realistic processing conditions, the range of shear rates is far outside the range obtained during rheological characterization. Based on some motivated choices, we will present an approach to extend this range.
- rubber compounds
- Rubber compounds