Tissue assembly and organization: Developmental mechanisms in microfabricated tissues

Nicolas C. Rivron, Jeroen Rouwkema, Roman Truckenmüller, Marcel Karperien, Jan de Boer, Clemens A. van Blitterswijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

120 Citations (Scopus)


In vitro-generated tissues hold significant promise in modern biology since they can potentially mimic physiological and pathological tissues. However, these are currently structurally and functionally of limited complexity and necessitate self-organization and recapitulation of tissue development mechanisms in vitro. Tools derived from nano- and microfabrications along with bottom-up strategies are emerging to allow the fabrication of primitive tissues structures that can remodel overtime. Subsequently, clues are accumulating to show that, beyond genetic material, both intrinsic tissue architectures and microenvironmental cues can lead to morphogenesis related mechanisms in vitro. The question arises, however, as how we may design and assemble structures prone to adequate tissue remodeling, predict and manipulate those developmental mechanisms in vitro? Systems integrating architectural, physical and molecular cues will allow more systematic investigation of basic principles of tissue morphogenesis, differentiation or maintenance and will feedback to reproduce the dynamic of tissue development in vitro and form more complex tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4851-4858
Number of pages8
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Microscale tissue engineering
  • Morphogenesis
  • Self-organization


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