Threshold ionization mass spectrometry of reactive species in remote Ar/C2H2 expanding thermal plasma

J. Benedikt, S. Agarwal, D.J. Eijkman, W.N.J. Vandamme, M. Creatore, M.C.M. Sanden, van de

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)
319 Downloads (Pure)


Triple stage threshold ionization mass spectrometry is successfully implemented in an Ar/C2H2 expanding thermal plasma setup. More than 20 hydrocarbon radicals and molecules formed in the plasma, including for example the C2H, C3, C3H, and C3H2 radicals or C3H4 or C4H2 molecules, are measured and their absolute densities are determined. Thanks to a careful design, a high sensitivity of the instrument is achieved and species with densities as low as 1×1016 m–3 can be detected. Issues related to the absolute density calibration procedure are considered. The proper determination of the background signal by means of a beam chopper and the influence of the chopper on the measurement are discussed and the possible composition distortion of the sampled beam due to the collisions in the sampling orifice is checked. Furthermore, reported values of electron impact ionization cross sections of hydrocarbon species are compared and, based on their similarity in the near threshold energy region, the C2H2 electron impact ionization cross section is proposed as a reasonable approximation for other hydrocarbon radicals. The results for C, CH, and C2 radicals are compared with previous cavity ringdown absorption spectroscopy measurements and a good agreement is obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1400-1412
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2005


Dive into the research topics of 'Threshold ionization mass spectrometry of reactive species in remote Ar/C2H2 expanding thermal plasma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this