Three-dimensional non-linear magnetohydrodynamic modeling of massive gas injection triggered disruptions in JET

A. Fil, E. Nardon, M. Hoelzl, G.T.A. Huijsmans, F. Orain, M. Becoulet, P. Beyer, G. Dif-Pradalier, R. Guirlet, H.R. Koslowski, M. Lehnen, J. Morales, S. Pamela, C. Passeron, C. Reux, F. Saint-Laurent

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Abstract

JOREK 3D non-linear MHD simulations of a D2 Massive Gas Injection (MGI) triggered disruption in JET are presented and compared in detail to experimental data. The MGI creates an overdensity that rapidly expands in the direction parallel to the magnetic field. It also causes the growth of magnetic islands (m=n ¼ 2=1 and 3/2 mainly) and seeds the 1/1 internal kink mode. O-points of all island chains (including 1/1) are located in front of the MGI, consistently with experimental observations. A burst of MHD activity and a peak in plasma current take place at the same time as in the experiment. However, the magnitude of these two effects is much smaller than in the experiment. The simulated radiation is also much below the experimental level. As a consequence, the thermal quench is not fully reproduced. Directions for progress are identified. Radiation from impurities is a good candidate. VC 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)062509-1/18
Number of pages18
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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