Thomson scattering near the high-fluence target surface of the Magnum-PSI linear plasma generator

Jonathan van den Berg (Corresponding author), H.J. van der Meiden, J.W.M. Vernimmen, Ivo G.J. Classen

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In the quest to long-term operation of high-power magnetically confined fusion devices, it is crucial to control the particle and heat loads on the wall. In order to predict these loads, understanding of the plasma-wall interaction is important. Near the wall surface, the plasma is accelerated towards the Debye sheath edge. In plasma conditions with high density and low temperature, the interaction between the incoming plasma and recycled neutrals can become important. In this paper, we present incoherent Thomson Scattering (TS) measurements in the near-surface region of the Magnum-PSI linear plasma generator. To enable TS measurements close to the plasma target of Magnum-PSI, a stray light suppression up to a factor 104 was achieved, while retaining high transmission. By incrementally moving the target along the magnetic field, this adapted system was used down to 1.9 mm from the target. In the last 10–15 mm in front of the surface, the electron density as well as temperature were observed to decrease significantly. Under the assumption of constant particle flux in this region, the density drop indicates plasma acceleration. In that case, the measurements can be interpreted to show the plasma presheath, and its lengthscale: ~ 1 cm. The electron cooling indicates an energy loss channel for the electrons near the wall. A reduced electron temperature near the sheath entrance leads to lower estimates of particle and energy flux, as well as
Original languageEnglish
Article numberC10041
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2019


  • Imaging
  • Interferometry
  • Lasers
  • Optics
  • Plasma diagnostics
  • Spectrometers
  • Spectroscopy


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