Accurate treatment planning is necessary for the successful application of hyperthermia in the clinic. The validity of four different bioheat models or combinations of models is evaluated: the conventional bioheat transfer equation, the limited effective conductivity model, a mixed heat sink-effective conductivity model and a discrete vessel model. The heat balance for the heated volume, and especially the ratio between conductive heat removal and heat escape through the veins, is different for each of these models. Model predictions were compared with results from experiments on isolated perfused bovine tongues. Tongues were suspended in a water-filled container and heated by conduction. The steady state temperature distribution and heat balance were determined at various blood flow rates. Increased blood flow was found to lower the mean tissue temperature and to enhance both conductive and venous heat removal. This result agrees only with the mixed heat sink-effective conductivity and the discrete vessel model predictions. At low flow rates a modified heat sink term should be used because the venous efflux temperature was significantly lower than the mean tissue temperature.