The synthesis and photovoltaic performance of regioregular poly[3-(n-butoxymethyl)thiophene]

A.P. Zoombelt, M.A.M. Leenen, M. Fonrodona Turon, M.M. Wienk, R.A.J. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis and photovoltaic performance of poly[3-(n-butoxymethyl)-thiophene] (P3BMT) is reported. Incorporation of a n-butoxymethyl side chain, instead of an alkyl chain as in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) may increase the oxidation potential via an inductive effect, leading to an increase in open-circuit voltage (Voc) in bulk heterojunction solar cells. Applying the Grignard metathesis polymerization route afforded highly regioregular P3BMT with > 95% HT coupling. In solution, the optical and electrochemical properties of P3BMT are nearly identical to those of P3HT. However, the absorption data in the film point to a lesser degree of 3D ordering. The ether functionality appears to prevent a close packing of the chains. The best bulk heterojunction solar cells made from P3BMT with [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as acceptor had Voc = 0.71 V, which is indeed 0.1 V higher than that of P3HT:PCBM cells. As a result of the lower 3D ordering, the short-circuit current (Jsc = 4.16 mA/cm2) is less. In combination with a fill factor of 0.57, a maximum power conversion efficiency of 1.68% was obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7176-7180
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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