The smart factory: Exploring adaptive and flexible manufacturing solutions

Agnieszka Radziwon, Arne Bilberg, Marcel Bogers, Erik Skov Madsen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

275 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays we live in a world,whicha decade ago would only be described in the science fiction literature. More and more things become smart and both scientists and engineers strive for developing not only new and innovative devices, but also homes, factories, or even cities. Despite of continuous development, many of those concepts are still being just a vision of the future, which still needs a lot of effort to become true. This paper reviews the usage of adjective smartin respect to technology and with a special emphasis on the smart factory concept placement among contemporary studies. Due to a lack of a consensus of common understanding of this term,a unified definition is proposed. The conceptualization will not only refer to varioussmart factory visions reported in the literature, but also link the crucial characteristics of this emerging manufacturing concept to usual manufacturing practice.Subsequently, the authors discuss the challenges of the potential smart factory applications in SMEs, and also propose a future research outlook in order to further develop the smart factory concept.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1190
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event2013 24th DAAAM International Symposium on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation - Zadar, Croatia
Duration: 23 Oct 201326 Oct 2013


  • Adaptive
  • Automation
  • Flexible
  • Manufacturing of the future
  • Real-time factory
  • Smart factory
  • SMEs
  • U-factory


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