Oblivious Transfer (OT) is the fundamental building block of cryptographic protocols. In this paper we describe the simplest and most efficient protocol for 1-out-of-n OT to date, which is obtained by tweaking the Diffie-Hellman key-exchange protocol. The protocol achieves UC-security against active and adaptive corruptions in the random oracle model. Due to its simplicity, the protocol is extremely efficient and it allows to perform m 1-out-of-n OTs using only:
- Computation: (n+1)m+2 exponentiations (mn for the receiver, mn+2 for the sender) and
- Communication: 32(m+1) bytes (for the group elements), and 2mn ciphertexts.
We also report on an implementation of the protocol using elliptic curves, and on a number of mechanisms we employ to ensure that our software is secure against active attacks too. Experimental results show that our protocol (thanks to both algorithmic and implementation optimizations) is at least one order of magnitude faster than previous work.
|Title of host publication||Progress in Cryptology - LATINCRYPT 2015 : 4th International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America, Guadalajara, Mexico, August 23-26, 2015|
|Editors||K. Lauter, F. Rodríguez-Henríquez|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||4th International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America (LATINCRYPT 2015), August 23-26, 2015, Guadalajara, Mexico - Hotel De Mendoza, Guadalajara, Mexico|
Duration: 23 Aug 2015 → 26 Aug 2015
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|
|Conference||4th International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America (LATINCRYPT 2015), August 23-26, 2015, Guadalajara, Mexico|
|Abbreviated title||LATINCRYPT 2015|
|Period||23/08/15 → 26/08/15|